What is CBMS?

  1. An organized way of collecting information at the local level for use of local government units, national government agencies, non-government organizations, and civil society for planning, program implementation and monitoring.
  2. A tool intended for improved governance and greater transparency and accountability in resource allocation.
  3. A barometer for LGU responsiveness to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  4. An organized way of collecting information at the local level for planning, program implementation and monitoring.
  5. A response to address data requirements for development planning and monitoring that are disaggregated at the household level.


  1. Seeks to address the existing gaps in data for:   
    • Diagnosing extent of poverty at the local level
    • Determining the causes of poverty
    • Formulating appropriate policies and program
    • Identifying eligible beneficiaries
    • Assessing impact of policies and programs
  2. Support the decentralization process by capacitating LGUs to collection, analysis and use data in local planning and program implementation.
  3. Complement efforts of the national government to institutionalize a local MDG/poverty monitoring system

Key Features

  1. LGU-Based while promoting community participation, LGU take the lead in data collection, processing and plan formulation while empowering communities in diagnosing poverty and identifying appropriate interventions.
  2. Taps existing LGU and community-personnel for data collection, processing and analysis    
    • Provincial Level-PPDO/LPRAO
    • Municipal Level-MPDO/MPRO
    • Barangay Level-BDC, BHW, BNS, community leaders and volunteers
  3. Adopts the Core Local Poverty Indicators (CLPIs), a core set of indicators which capture the multi-dimensional aspect of poverty.
  4. CBMS is LGU Based…
  5. LGU lead in data collection, processing, analysis, and formulation of plans.
  6. Utilizes data generated by existing monitoring systems as supplemental information.
  7. Establishes databanks at each geopolitical level. LGU is the repository of the database.

CBMS has a core set of indicators

  1. Core set of indicators have been chosen based on the multi-dimensional aspects of poverty and have been confined to output and impact indicators.
  2. Easy to collect and process.
  3. Can accommodate community-specific indicators to reflect other concerns of the community.
  4. Recommended to be collected regularly.








Proportion of households with child deaths





Malnutrition prevalence





Proportion of households living in non-makeshift housing



Proportion of households who are not squatters



Water and Sanitation


Proportion of households with access to safe water supply



Proportion of households with access to sanitary toilet facilities



Basic Education


Literacy rate



Elementary participation rate



Secondary participation rate




Proportion of household with income above the poverty threshold



Proportion of households with income above the food threshold



Proportion of households eating 3 meals a day




Employment rate


Peace and Order


Proportion of persons who were victims of crime

Uses of CBMS

  1. CBMS serves as inputs for preparation of development profiles and plans
    • CBMS data provides vital information for the preparation of socio-economic profiles, annual investment plans, land use plans and project proposals.
  2. CBMS enriches existing LGU databases
    • CBMS provides socioeconomic attributes of communities to enrich LGU databases.
    • A number of LGUs were able to get funding support from international organization for setting up databanks containing children, environment, and the like.
  3. CBMS build the Capacities of LGUs and Communities
    • Members of the community are involved in addressing the needs of their respective localities.
    • Community leaders and volunteers are trained to collect, process, validate, analyze and use data as inputs for needs identification/prioritization, design of appropriate interventions and targeting of program beneficiaries.
  4. CBMS data can be used for impact monitoring of projects and programs
  5. CBMS aids resource allocation
    • It serves as a systematic mechanism for targeting of delivery of social services and other program beneficiaries

Activities in Implementing CBMS

  1. Orientation/Preparatory Activities
    • Evaluation of data requirements and existing monitoring systems
    • Formulation of the work plan (MOA – commitment of all concerned groups, CBMS Work Plan – timetable and resource requirements and key players)
    • Mobilizing Reousrces for CBMS (Human Resources for CBMS, Financial and Physical resources which include Meals for training workshops, Reproduction of household questionnaires/ manuals and Computer hardware for encoding and processing of data.)
  2. Data Collection and Field Editing
    • Training on Data Collection and Field Editing for Local Poverty Reduction Action Teams
    • Training on Data Collection for Enumerators
    • Actual data Collection
  3. Data Encoding
  4. Data Processing and Analysis
    • Training on Data Processing and Mapping using Statistical Stimulator version 3
    • Processing of generated data to become useful information for anevidence-based policy making
  5. Data Validation and Community Consultation
    • Presentation of CBMS results to the community
    • Validation of generated information with the community
    • Solicitation of recommendation and possible interventions to resolve the problems
  6. Socio-Economic Profilin
    • Training on the Preparation Barangay Socio-Economic profiles and development Plans using CBMS Data
    • Analysis of Data and preparation of reports
    • Presentation/Dissemination of CBMS results/findings 



Department of the Interior and Local Government Regional Office I

Aguila Road,
Barangay Sevilla
San Fernando City,
La Union

(072) 888-21-08
(072) 700-27-01